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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1465\margr5087\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2592\margrsxn5126\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw3395\colsr850\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 THEIR DECLINE : THE PAHLAVAS}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb7\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 219}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1465\margrsxn5087\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi0\ri58\sb202\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 A.D. the fortunes of the Ksatrapas suffered a tempo\-\expndtw-1 rary eclipse owing to the irruption of the Abhiras under perhaps Isvaradatta, who usurped a portion of their \expndtw-2 dominions. The family, however, soon reasserted itself, \expndtw7 and carried on its existence amidst vicissitudes till \i Saka \i0 3ix(=A.D. 3IX+78),\super 1\nosupersub  a date occurring on the \expndtw0 coins of Rudrasimha III, who is perhaps identical with \expndtw-1 the Saka sovereign, mentioned in the \i Hamsacarita \i0 as \expndtw-3 having been killed by Candragupta Vikramaditya. The \expndtw2 Guptas then annexed the Saka territories, and issued \expndtw-1 silver coins of the Ksatrapa type, substituting the Garu-\expndtw5 da, emblem on the reverse for the Ksatrapa symbols.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri144\sb209\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 V}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li22\fi0\ri0\sb115\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 The PaMavas\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li54\fi0\ri0\sb50\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 Vonones}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi976\ri25\sb115\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 history of the Indo-Parthians or Pahlavas is \expndtw6 still obscure^ But a few facts may be gleaned from \expndtw4 coins and inscriptions. (The earliest known prince of \expndtw-2 the dynasty was Vonones, who attained power in Ara-\expndtw1 chosia and Seistan, and adopted the title of "great long \expndtw4 of kings."\super 3\nosupersub ) On his coins, imitated from the issues of \expndtw6 the house of Eukratides, Vonones is associated with \expndtw-3 his brothers, Spalirises and Spalahores, and his nephew, \expndtw-4 Spalagadames. Perhaps they were his Viceroys in the \expndtw0 conquered regions. Vonones was succeeded by Spali\-\expndtw6 rises, who appears to have been the suzerain of Azes}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li209\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx1955 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\sub\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 c\nosupersub    .. .{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw5 II, for on certain coins the former's}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li205\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx2650\tx4082\tx5425 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 Spalirises{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 .{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\expndtw11 /^     \i0 t{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\expndtw0 i}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li299\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1937 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 r{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw2 name is  given   in   G-reek   oil  the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li29\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 obverse and that of Azes in Kharosthi on the reverse.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li281\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx392 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw-5 The sign x stands for the third digit, which is not clear on coins.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li281\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx392 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw2 See Sten Konow, C.I.I., II, Introd., pp. xxxvii-xlix.\line \super\expndtw-2 3\nosupersub Rapson  calls  Vonones   "suzerain   over   the   kingdoms  of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 eastern Iran," and he is believed to have flourished later than the \expndtw-4 reign of Mithradates II (C.H.I., Vol. I> pp. 572-73).}\par }